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Escorted Tour Travel Sites

Even if you’re an “armchair” traveler, travel sites are fun to explore. Competition is fierce, and travel site owners work hard to provide lots of in-depth information and links to keep you browsing their site! If planning a trip, you’re smart to look for travel sites geared to your itinerary and travel style.    minneapolis escorts

You’ll find travel sites usually have a slant. For example, some cater to the independent traveler who wants an unstructured, footloose vacation. If you have two weeks, and want to visit Paris, Koln, Florence and Rome, but want to do your own research on sights to see and how long your stay at each destination will be, this type of travel site may be the best place to start.
If you want to take a cruise, search out travel sites with a specialty in cruises. Their content will likely focus on cruise-related issues and be of value to you.

Escorted tour travel sites offer structured tours with a guide to fill you in on interesting or historic sections of your destination. These guides are well informed of their particular venue, and can give you an inside look you won’t find elsewhere. Travel sites geared to escorted tours usually offer “night life” tours where you’ll discover the local hot spots for entertainment which you might otherwise miss.

Luxury oriented travel sites focus on first-class everything. If you want to be in total comfort every step of the way and not have to deal with any arrangements, check out the luxury type travel sites.

Another popular type site is the Cooking class trip. If you’d like to learn the techniques of a foreign cuisine while vacationing, there’s a travel website to accommodate you. These cooking travel sites arrange accommodations, usually luxurious, along with daily cooking classes, visits to the local marketplace, wine tastings and communal dining. Now that’s a vacation and a half for the avid cook! The aspiring chef can book a trip and earn a Cordon Bleu certificate at the same time.

If you’re an “armchair” traveler, the net is wide open. You can make a virtual visit to anywhere you’d like to go! Some travel sites have panoramic photography, allowing you to see what the river Seine looks like from the second tier of the Eiffel Tower at nightfall. You can find panoramic videos of Buenos Aires, the Australian Outback or Vatican City.

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Sports Betting For Beginners – Understanding the Numbers

There is nothing in the world more popular than sports. In every culture, sports makes up a major part of our identity. They have the ability to unite us, to excite us, and for some fans they even offer a chance at monetary gain.UFABET

When we talk money we are talking, of course, about sports betting. Wagering on sports is a time honored tradition in countries around the world. It can be as simple as betting a friend a beer that your team will beat his, or as complicated as you want to make it.

In this article, we are going to outline some tips and information for those who are just starting to bet on sports. We can’t all be expert punters right away, so it’s worth it to read up and build a solid foundation before you start betting on a regular basis.

Sports betting tip for beginners

Before we get to anything else, let’s talk about your bankroll. Too many beginning sports punters get over their heads when it comes to the money they play with. When you are just starting out, be mindful of your budget. Don’t ever bet more than you can afford to lose, either in a day or over the course of a season. It will take you at least a season to become familiar with sports betting, and until then you will come out negative as far as the spending scale. So start out small!

Understanding the numbers

Sports books, or the businesses who make the odds, take your money, and pay out winning bets, use specific layouts when presenting betting information. All the books keep this information the same, so that once you learn to read the numbers in sports betting you can bet at any book.

For team sports, all bets are laid out based on $100. If there is a negative sign in front of the amount, that is how much money you will need to bet in order to win $100 if your team wins. So, the line (the money amount) may read -170. This will mean that in order to win $100, you have to pay $170 (and of course the team you bet on has to win).

If an amount has a positive sign in front of it, that indicates how much money you can win on a $100 bet. Betting on a team with a +110 beside it will mean that you will win $110 for every $100 that you bet.

What about favorites?

In the examples we used above, the favorite team is the one with the negative sign in front of it. Most people new to sports betting make one or two common mistakes when it comes to favorites:

oBelieving that “favorite” indicates chances of winning: Having a team listed as a favorite does not mean that they are the better team, necessarily. All it says is that more people are betting on that team than the other team, known as the underdog.

oPicking your favorite: Almost all new sports bettors make the mistake of betting with their hearts instead of their heads. If you love a team, it’s best never to bet on games involving that team.

In sports betting, it will always cost more money to bet on the favorite. This is because the sports books want to balance the action, or get people to bet on both sides. That way, they stand to make more money.

Two final rules

To close up this article, let’s take a look at two important rules if you want to have a good experience in your first year of sports betting.

First of all, only bet on sports you really know well. If you don’t understand the rules or know the teams and players, you don’t have much of a shot at winning.

Second, for your first year at first, try to stay away from betting on the spread. It can be hard, because point spreads seem like simple wagers. However, making the straight up bet on a team to win that money lines offer gives an inexperienced bettor an increased shot of winning; it’s a safer way to get your sports betting education!

Hi my name is Shirley Durling and I am a sport betting enthusiast. I write articles and review products and services related to Sports Betting Systems and Sports Book’s. Please see my blog at Sport Betting Store  for more great information on sports betting.

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Electric and Hybrid Cars – The Wave of The Future

It seems like we’ve been waiting forever for electric cars to come along, but after more false starts than you’ll see at the London Olympics this year, it looks like the electric car is finally here to stay.junkyards near me

Now, we need to start with some boring terminology: A true electric car (EV, for Electric Vehicle) has no petrol engine as backup, so you are reliant on the batteries having enough charge to get you to where you need to go. The Nissan Leaf is the best-known (and best) electric car currently on sale.

regular hybrid uses an electric motor and/or a petrol motor, depending on the circumstances. You don’t plug it into a wall socket as the batteries charge while you are driving. A typical journey, even a short one, will use both electric and petrol power to drive the wheels. The Toyota Prius is the most popular and best-known hybrid on sale around the world.

plug-in hybrid, “range-extending” electric car, is technically more of a fancy hybrid than a true EV although it drives more like an EV than a regular hybrid. In practice it might be a huge difference or none at all, depending on how you use the car. A range-extender, or plug-in hybrid as it’s more commonly known, has a petrol engine which can be used to power the electric motor once the batteries have drained, but the petrol engine does not directly drive the wheels*. The Vauxhall Ampera/Chevrolet Volt twins are the leading example of this type of car, and they claim an urban fuel consumption of 300mpg (yep, that’s three hundred. Not a typo!)

A car running on an electric motor is usually very quiet (eerie silence or a distant hum instead of a clearly audible petrol engine) and smooth (no vibrations from engine or gearbox). The response from the car away from rest is both immediate and powerful, as electric motors generate huge amounts of torque instantly. They’re quiet from the outside to, to such an extent that the EU is considering making audible warnings compulsory in the future as pedestrians simply won’t hear an electric car coming.

In terms of exciting handling, electric cars are usually not brilliant, it must be said. They tend to be very heavy and usually run tyres & wheels more beneficial for economy than handling. But as a commuter vehicle around town, they are zippy and efficient. Plus they generate less noise, heat and pollution into the street so a traffic jam of Nissan Leafs in the city would be a lot more pleasant for passing pedestrians.

The batteries on a typical electric car only give it enough range for a few miles (although a true EV will have a bigger battery pack as it doesn’t have to fit a petrol engine & fuel tank as well), so the cars use various means to charge the battery while driving. Usually this involves converting kinetic energy from coasting and braking to electric energy to store in the batteries. The Fisker Karma even has solar cells in its roof to charge the batteries as well.

However, a longer journey will inevitably mean that the batteries are drained. In a fully electric car that means you have to stop and charge the batteries, so hopefully you parked near a power socket somewhere and have several hours to find something else to do. In a hybrid, the petrol engine will start up to provide the power. In a regular hybrid like a Prius, the car effectively becomes an ordinary petrol car, albeit with a fairly underpowered engine pushing a heavy car around so it’s not swift. In a ‘range extender’ like the Ampera/Volt, the petrol engine provides energy to the electric motor to drive the wheels, which is more efficient in both performance and economy. Depending on how you’re driving, any spare energy from the petrol engine can be used to charge up the batteries again, so the car may switch back to electric power once charging is complete.

So what does this mean in the real world?

Well, how much of the following driving do you do? We’re assuming here that the batteries are fully charged when you set off.

Short trips (<50 miles between charges).

These sort of journeys are ideal for electric cars and plug-in hybrids, as the batteries will cope with the whole journey and also get some charge while you drive. A regular hybrid will still need to use the petrol engine, although how much depends on how you drive it and how much charging it is able to get along the way.

Medium trips (50-100 miles between charges).

These are the sorts of trips that give EV drivers plenty of stress, as the traffic conditions may mean you run out of juice before you make it to your charging point. A plug-in hybrid or regular hybrid will be fine because they can call on the petrol engine. In a regular hybrid, this means the car will be petrol powered for most of the journey. In a plug-in hybrid, it will be mainly electric with the petrol engine kicking in to top up the batteries if needed late in the journey.

Longer trips (100+ miles between charges)

Not feasible in a fully-electric car, as you will almost certainly run out of electricity before you get there. The regular hybrid is basically a petrol car for almost the whole journey and the plug-in hybrid is majority electric but supplemented by petrol in a far more efficient way than a regular hybrid.

The pros and cons:

Let’s summarise the three types of electrically-powered cars:

Regular hybrid (eg – Toyota Prius)

PROS: cheaper, no charging required, no range anxiety, regular petrol engine makes it feel like a regular petrol car

CONS: only very short journeys (a few miles at best) will be fully electric, small battery pack and weak petrol engine means relatively poor performance compared to a normal petrol car or a fully electric car, poor economy when driven hard (like most Prius minicabs in London…), not very spacious for passengers and luggage due to carrying petrol and electric powertrains in one car

Fully electric car (EV) (eg – Nissan Leaf)

PROS: powerful electric motor gives much better performance than a regular hybrid, larger battery pack means longer electric running, no petrol engine reduces weight and frees up a lot of space, £5000 government rebate, electricity is cheaper and usually less polluting than petrol, privileged parking spaces in certain public places

CONS: Still expensive despite rebate, minimal range capability due to lack of petrol engine backup, resulting range anxiety is a real issue for drivers, question marks over battery life, technology advances will make next generation massively better and hurt resale value, some driving adaptation required, lengthy recharging required after even a moderate drive

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Practice With the Right Lottery System Wins the Lottery Game

“Practice” is one of the important determining factors for success – at least according to the book “Outliers: The Story of Success”. According to the author, to be successful, one needs to practise his/her skills for 10,000 hours. Does this sound easy? Definitely not as that would mean you have to practise your skill about 27 hours a day for one year, while what you have is only 24 hours a day! Or, you can continue to practise 40 hours a week for 250 weeks in order to be successful in your area. Does this sound daunting?? Of course it is!

Do you want to go through the same process with so much hours before you succeed? I doubt so! Well, Satta at least what i can tell you is that the daunting and long hours of practice do not apply to formulas to win lottery. With the right system, some lottery players do not even need to practice at all to win lottery immediately. However, if you want to win the lottery consistently, practice regularly is the key. You have to “play” regularly and consistently.

Every game you miss is a forever-lost winning opportunity. A Chinese famous pianist Lang Lang once told the story how his father told him off for being late to piano lessons one day. The father made a very important remark which affected Lang Lang’s life and about the importance of time and opportunity which Lang Lang had missed and will never get back. Practice makes perfect – that is the secret to everyone’s success. So, it is important for one to play lottery often, consistently and never miss a game of lottery. One must remember, time and opportunity lost could never be gained back. A lottery player learnt this the hard way. His lottery numbers came up during the week which he did not play. Had he played consistently and regularly, the lottery would have given him a win of $1 million that could have solved all his financial problems. The disappointment was indeed a bitter blow.

Once you miss out on a lottery game, the opportunity to win the lottery is gone forever. Unless you play, you’ll never know whether your numbers will win. In short, you need to participate in each and every game. This is a simple yet essential step to win any lottery. Most importantly, you do not have to spend 10,000 hours to do it either!

You can learn how to shortcut the time needed to win the lottery by using the 1-minute Silver Lotto System introduced by Ken Silver in 1991. Thousands of lottery winners in over 100 countries have benefited from the system and won prizes in more than 9 out of 10 games by using this lottery system.

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The John Morrison Sports Betting Champ System – Does it Really Work?

By now, I am sure you have heard numerous stories about the Sports Betting Champ: Is the Sports Betting Champ a scam? Does Sports Betting Champ work? Can John Morrison’s Sports Betting Champ system really guarantee a 97% win-rate? The only real way to answer these questions would be to gather all the facts, and then come to your own conclusion.메이저사이트

So, here are the facts:

John Morrison is a doctor of statistics and a life-long sports fanatic. He earned a PhD in statistics from Cornell University, and as an Ivy League graduate with a passion for both sports and numbers, naturally he fell into the world of sports gambling with an idea in mind; that is, to develop the ultimate sports betting system.

Over ten years were spent into developing the Sports Betting Champ. As a statistics professional, he spent hours upon hours each and every day scrutinizing the baseball and basketball sports database in an effort to uncover an accurate statistical anomaly in which he could use to develop a simple formula. The result of his extensive stat calculations and tests ensured that his betting formula would yield a 97% win-rate for wagers placed under system criteria.

John Morrison kept his sports betting secret to himself for a full five years. In that time he was able to pull a massive fortune from casinos and online sports books, altogether amassing to over 2 million dollars in paid-out winnings. Since then, he realized he could no longer keep his remarkable discovery to himself, and so he has released his betting system to the open market for everyone to enjoy his success.

Since Sports Betting Champ became a hot-ticket item, it has given thousands of successful sports bettors the luxury of winning alongside John Morrison himself. The results are proven on his website, where he posts his actual casino tickets for bets he placed under the system and how much the payout was for that particular recent game. Furthermore, there are thousands of hand-written letters, emails, videos, and audio recordings in the form of customer-sworn testimonials that all pay tribute to the success of Sports Betting Champ.

The system is unique because it only works on a limited number of games per year; that is, the specific games that meet the systems criteria. It is also very simple for the average person to place bets, as it only deals with straight wagers and has nothing to do with progressive betting or arbitrage bets. You do not need to know anything about sports or betting in order to attain the same level of success as John Morrison.

The results are there, folks. It is a proven sports betting system that can open up many doors for ambitious sports bettors or any person who wants to make easy money. The best part about this offer is that it is a risk-free purchase. Dr. Morrison is so confident that his formula for success is the best there is that he will not consider your sale final until you are completely satisfied, as he provides you with a 60-day 100% money-back personal guarantee.

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Video Games and the Law: Violence and Addiction

Video games have long been the scapegoat of politicians and media campaigns. Whilst the majority of the focus has been upon the depictions of violence within games, the furor over Grand Theft Auto’s infamous “Hot Coffee” scandal and subsequent legal wrangling brought on board the potential controversy of depicting explicit sexual acts in games. (Rockstar had at one stage planned to include a sex-based mini-game in the title. The plans were scrapped, but the code for them remained hidden in the game. When a PC enthusiast learned how to access them, instructions on how to access the content quickly spread across the internet, with an outcry following closely behind.)

A recent survey in the US in November of last year (see Rasmussen Reports: 54% Think Violent Video Games Lead to More Violence in Society) indicated that the majority of Americans (54% in the sample) believe that violent video games result in a more violent society.

Following Panorama’s recent expose of how engrossing games apparently are, we can now throw addiction into the pot. Please read on for further information.Satta Matka

The US

The US remains governed entirely under a system of self regulation – as yet there is no federal law against the sale of violent or sexually explicit video games to children (although certain states have tried to introduce legislation). The US system relies on the voluntary ESRB (Entertainment Software Rating Board, an independent body) rating system which rates titles and polices the marketing of games. The system relies on goodwill- that of retailers and the ESRB – so there is nothing, as a matter of law, to stop kids buying violent games. Attempts have been made by at least two states to ban the sale of violent games to children, but free speech legislation has to date blocked such attempts. The Californian Supreme Court is to rule later this year on whether such a ban would be legitimate.

The UK

The UK has a mandatory system for certain types of video games depending upon the content. Games featuring sex or violence must be submitted for classification by the British Board of Film Classification (BBFC) in accordance with the Video Recordings Act 1984. The role of digital and interactive media was elaborated in the Criminal Justice & Public Order Act 1994, which introduced a number of new tests to the classification process, including a specific requirement to consider the ‘harm’ that the work may cause a potential viewer.

Video games remain generally exempt under the Video Recordings Act 1984 (VRA). However, the exemption will not apply if that game depicts:

  • sex
  • violence;
  • may encourage criminal activity (or other “matters of concern”); and/or
  • where the depiction of such material is particularly realistic.

The VRA was introduced at a time when games could not hope to rival the

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How to Create an Internet Marketing Funnel

An Internet marketing funnel is a marketing strategy whereby you are constantly funneling new leads into your business, in the hopes of developing a sale and relationship with the user. A marketing funnel is often seen as an upside down pyramid. At the top, you lead potential clients to your website, in the middle you offer them valuable services if they sign up to your list, and at the end you convert them into customers. There are a number of processes that have to be working in order to ensure you capture leads, communicate properly to them and value your repeat customers. This article will tell you how to create an Internet marketing funnel.

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Method 1: Plan an Internet Marketing Funnel

1) Set up an attractive website. Remember that for most websites, a soft sell works better than a hard sell. You get more leads if you look trustworthy and loyal to customers, if you list reviews of your products and if you provide users with articles, newsletters, tips and other valuable content. The idea behind adding value to your website is that people who become daily users are much more likely to also become clients. If you don’t sell a product yourself, you can become an affiliate marketer and post affiliate ads on your website. If you do sell a product, a daily user will have a chance to see more of your offers/products and buy them.

2) Invest in lead capture software or programming. You can either hire a company to provide you with a lead capture landing page or program it into your website. With lead capture, your website users are required to sign up for an account or submit their name and email address in order to get valuable content.

This lead capture software ranges from simple to complex. You can have a landing page that captures the data, or you can sign up for a system that tracks your user’s accounts once they sign in. You can see what products they looked at, what pages they read and, judging from their account activity, you can see how likely they are to become customers.

3) Define your lead gathering strategy. You should choose 5 to 10 ways to get the attention of your target demographic(s). Some common Internet lead capture strategies are Facebook, Twitter and YouTube accounts, guest blogs, search engine optimization (SEO)/search engines, article directories, online ads, affiliate marketers and more.

4) Define the valuable product or service you can offer to get the client to sign up. You may need to brainstorm with your marketing team about what you can provide. Ideas include a free trial, free services, a coupon, a video, educational content, a free account, or access to a number of such services.

5) Define your end goal. This is the end relationship you want to have with the information you gather, and it differs greatly for online businesses. In some cases, the contact details of a person is your Internet-based goal, because it may funnel leads into a service-based business that calls its customers by phone, and in other cases, it is developing repeat clients.

Method 2: Set up your Internet Marketing Funnel

1) Begin using all 5 to 10 lead gathering strategies at once. With an employee heading up each strategy, make sure employees coordinate new offers, posting consistently and timely as you add more value to your website with free content. Use website links that have embedded web analytic codes. You can do this through your website provider or with a free Google Analytics account. Make sure each strategy uses a different link, so you can track your most successful lead gathering strategies. Most web analytics programs will automatically mark down leads that come from major search engines.

2) Have someone examine the ratio of visitors to your page, versus how many people enter their contact information to get access to content. A high percentage means you are targeting your demographic well, and should continue to offer similar content. A low percentage means you need to invest more in adding value to the free content or service you are offering.

3) Gather the leads from your lead generation software. You should get information to add to your content management system (CRM) or database every week. Make sure you code new leads according to the offer that enticed them to sign up.

4) Communicate with your database through email blasts and newsletters or direct mail. Target your offers by giving your leads emails that suggest similar products or services as what they signed up to see. These communications bring leads back to your website in order to convert them to customers. If you are gathering leads for a service-based job, you may also want to give them a call. If they inquired about a quote, then this is an essential part of the communication process.

5) Mark people who buy your products as “customers” in your database. Customers should be given extra content and discounts for loyalty. The desirable end to the funnel is that customers continue to enter the funnel on their own and buy more products as they become available.

6) Don’t allow your funnel to stagnate. Your marketing team should constantly be updating the lead generation points, the offers and the database, in an ongoing pipeline. Unless you have cornered the majority of the market, a successful marketing funnel can continue working in the same fashion for years.

Understand that the ratio of leads to customers is usually quite small. However, if you bring thousands of people to your website each day, you only need a small percentage of them to buy to create a successful marketing funnel. You should always look to try new lead generation points, especially if the ratio data shows that you are not gathering many leads from your current points. Try new social media accounts, blogs and advertisements, until you find the right combination.

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– What to Do Instead of Gambling Your Life Away

There are many kinds of easily accessible online gambling sites and activities. Easy access to gambling is a potential disaster for a person with a compulsive gambling disorder or an inclination to having a problem with gambling. With an abundance of online casinos and betting sites, anyone with a gambling problem and an Internet connection is faced with temptation twenty-four hours a day.

Is compulsive gambling a real problem? Why can’t they just stop?

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A compulsive gambler often wants to stop. After all, he is losing his money, his friends, ruining his family . . . But he can not stop. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) – the American handbook for mental health professionals, Compulsive Gambling is a mental disorder that requires treatment.

How do you know if someone a compulsive gambler?

Problem gambling is characterized by a difficulty to limit money and/or time spent on gambling activity which leads to harmful effects on the gambler himself as well as to others. Pathological gambling is now defined as persistent and recurrent maladaptive gambling behavior meeting at least five of the following criteria:

1. Preoccupation. He/She has frequent thoughts about gambling experiences.

2. Tolerance. He/She requires larger bets to get a “rush”.

3. Moody.. Restless and irritable when they try to stop gambling.

4. Escape. Gambles to “feel good” or get away from problems.

5. One more time. Trying to win back gambling losses by gambling.

6. Lying. Lies to hide his/her gambling habit.

7. No control. He/She has unsuccessfully attempted to stop gambling.

8. Law breaking. He/She has broken the law to get money.

9. Risked relationships. Gambles despite risking an important relationship,.

10. Bailout. He/She turns to family or friends for financial help.

How Can you Stop Someone from Gambling on the Computer?

Open communication is the best way to approach a loved one with a suspected gambling problem. If the problem is that they are gambling online, you can do a lot to help them. First of all, get rid of the temptation. That does not have to mean getting rid of the family computer or canceling the Internet connection.

If your loved one admits to a problem and wants your help to overcome the problem, you can agree together to start by eliminating the easy access they have to gambling online. Simply by installing an effective web filter, you can easily block out gambling and betting websites from your PC.

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When Gambling Takes Over

The casino is a world onto itself. There are no windows, no clock, but there are flashing lights, and the din of clacking coins and whirring slot machines. Beyond the slots, figures are mesmerized at the crap table. Interest in poker hit new heights with televised Texas Hold ‘Em tournaments. For the majority of gamblers, this is excitement, recreation, a fun diversion or escape from the ordinary and a chance to beat the odds. For others, an estimated three percent of the adult population, it’s an addiction, an endless roller coaster of excitement and despair.

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A pervasive characteristic of addiction of any kind is that the repeated behaviors have led to a range of negative consequences. This may be putting it mildly in the case of pathological gambling, because someone in the grips of compulsive gambling usually suffers severe blows to finances and relationships before seeking help. His or her life may be in shambles.

Often the compulsive gambler’s denial leads him to believe that the next round will save the day. Of course, if the numbers come up right, the cash or credit won is then “invested” again. Gambling addiction is hardly a recent development, but the advent of electronic poker and the break-neck speed of today’s slot machines, as well as Internet gambling have actually sped up the time it takes to gamble for fun and when it slips into problematic, then compulsive behavior.

Pathological gambling, like other addictions, is both a biological and a behavioral disease. While we don’t know all the factors leading to gambling addiction, they often include social, family and psychological elements. We do know that the brain neuropathways involving the brain’s mechanisms are affected in an individual’s perception of rewarding experiences. The emotional escape that an individual finds in gambling may become entrenched.

We have seen from 15-20 percent of patients who suffer from cross-addictive disorders, such as alcoholism or drug dependency with problem gambling. Some estimates state that 35 percent of those with substance abuse or dependence also have met the diagnostic criteria for pathological gambling at some point in their lives. The SOGS (South Oaks Gambling Screen) is the accepted psychosocial diagnostic tool to identify a gambling problem and its progression.

Both substance and gambling addiction are progressive diseases, and may be characterized by inability to control impulses (to use or to gamble) denial, anxiety mood swings and depression and the need for instant gratification. Gambling, like chemical dependency, offers euphoric highs, which are inevitably followed by emotional valleys and usually remorse and shame. A major difference in gambling versus substance addiction is that the alcoholic or drug addict doesn’t believe the substance is the answer to recovery and to his problems, while the compulsive gambler believes the Big Win will be the answer to all his problems.

Gambling addictions can also result in symptoms such as blackouts and sleep disorders and hopelessness. Divorce, relationship and work problems, even arrests are some devastating consequences of compulsive gambling. A person’s general health is often neglected, including medical conditions that have been ignored. Gambling addiction is certainly a family disease, creating a dysfunctional family system that revolves around the individual’s addiction. Children may be emotionally stranded as well as physically neglected. Kids are affected long term too, with studies estimating 35 to 50 percent of children of pathological gamblers eventually experiencing gambling problems of their own.

It is important that when chemical and gambling addictions co-occur, they are treated at the same time. Like chemical dependency, gambling addiction is addressed in holistic treatment based on the Twelve Step Philosophy. Treatment is individualized and takes into account issues of gender and age.

Gambling: is it the money?

Some experts, including Dr. Henry Lesieur, St. John’s University, NY, who co-authored the SOGS screening assessment, believe it isn’t really about the money, even though money becomes a looming issue. Seeking action seems to be the major impetus for many. Being in action may be similar to the high of taking cocaine. “Chasing losses” is term use by habitual gamblers to describe attempting to recoup the gambling losses by winning. The action gambler usually likes to gamble on site, at a casino, racetrack, or other “live” venue. Often they are identified by casinos as “high rollers” and received comped rooms and meals. Others, though, don’t gamble for action so much as numb their feelings with compulsive gambling, so it becomes the ultimate, albeit temporary escape.

Age and gender as factors

A study by University of Connecticut Health Center psychiatrists published in 2002 evaluated gamblers seeking treatment and found significant differences by age and gender in pathological gamblers. Middle aged (aged 36-55) and older gamblers tended to include more women, at 45-55 percent, than younger gamblers (aged 18-35) at 23 percent. Middle aged and older women didn’t begin gambling regularly until the age of 55, while older men reported a habit of lifelong gambling. Perhaps surprisingly, the women also wagered greatest amounts in the month prior to treatment. Younger gamblers reported most problems with substance abuse, social and legal problems, while older gamblers found more employment-related problems

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Understanding a Third Party Logistics Provider and Their Advantages

While the term third-party logistics services or 3PL is not new, it still remains ambiguous to many. Today an increasing number of companies are considering third-party logistics providers. These firms cater to companies to ส่งของแช่เย็น outsource and offer its services and knowledge of advanced logistics and management. They provide a comprehensive range of services regarding logistics of supply chain. This covers transportation, warehousing, picking and packing, order fulfillment, inventory forecasting, packaging as well as freight forwarding.

Types of 3PL providers

Not all these providers are same. They can be broadly classified into the following major types –

  • Asset-based firms – These companies have their own fleet of trucks, warehouses and personnel to operate their business. They offer a comprehensive set of logistics services with barely anything excluded. Major benefits with these types of firms are shorter cycle time, lower freight cost and visibility of pipeline inventory.
  • Non-asset based firms – They do not have any fleet or warehouse space of their own but provide outsourced logistics solutions and freight brokerage services. They often partner with large network of freight carriers of asset based type.
  • Warehouse/distribution based firms – These deal with warehouse and distribution services. Their functions cover labor and supervision, receiving goods, storing them and finally shipping. These help in lowering capital investment as well as lower fixed/variable cost ratio.
  • Financial based firms – Their services include freight payment and auditing and cost accounting and control. They also provide various tools for monitoring, booking, tracking, tracing and management of the inventory. Some of their functions include inventory finance, distribution finance, payment solutions and leasing. Major benefits of these are reduced cost as well as capital investment and improved cash flow.

Advantages of 3PL providers

Using these services can be advantageous for many companies. Outsourcing your logistics requirement saves time and resources and gives you numerous other advantages. Some of them are –

  • Gain instant expertise and latest knowledge in the field

Any reputable logistics provider would have complete knowledge about the industry best practices. It is part of their normal work chain to remain updated with the latest development in technology, manufacturing and logistics. Their company software is capable of not only advanced reporting and inventory management but is also transparent enough to monitor the entire process. They usually employ Just in Time practices which helps them ship the correct amount of inventory at the right time and location-based on your needs. Hiring these companies assures you that your logistics needs are being handled by seasoned and reliable professionals. Various aspects pg logistics like fulfillment, warehousing and shipping are a major challenge on their own. No matter whether you are just starting out or managing a big company, expert handling makes a big difference and leaves you to focus on other areas of work.